Home from Rome: Llys Brychan Roman Villa
Brychan was the leader of the early medieval kingdom of Brycheiniog, which equates roughly
to the region of Brecknockshire, with land stretching down to the Tywi.
Excavations in the early 1960s revealed a Roman villa, a large and imposing mansion, located
above the floodplain of the Tywi some two miles south of Llangadog. A geophysical survey in 2009 not only
confirmed the villa remains but also revealed a series of ditches forming an enclosure around it.
Three trenches were excavated to evaluate the extent, quality and character of these features.
The main enclosure ditch was found to be Vshaped and of Roman date, with three sherds of Roman pottery retrieved
from its fill. Numerous stones found in the upper fill of the ditch may represent a slumped bank. Evidence
of a possible courtyard as well as indications of industrial activity were uncovered within the enclosure.
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