St David, Bangor Teifi, Ceredigion

ST DAVID, BANGOR TEIFI, CEREDIGION

Dyfed PRN 5283

 RB No. 3583

 NGR SN 3763 4032

 Not listed (1998) (2021)

 SUMMARY

20th century church; 0% pre-19th century core fabric. On site of, ?but not in same location as, medieval church.

A 3-cell church, small. Consists of chancel, 2 bays; nave, 3 bays; west porch; vestry/boilerhouse (north of chancel), 1 bay; all 1930-32 (nave retaining some 19th century core fabric?). Construction is in snecked sandstone rubble throughout. Slate gable roofs; vestry/boilerhouse with a slate lean-to roof. All openings are from 1930-32, neo-gothic, with yellow oolite dressings. Western small, square bell-turret, 1930-32.

Roofs, floors and finishes: 1930-32.

Condition – good.

Archaeological potential – very good. Physical evidence for earlier church beyond 40% of church?; no external cutting or drain; below-ground floor in 15% of church; suspended floors over heating ducts in 70% of church.

Structural value (pre 19th century) – poor. 0% pre-19th  century core fabric.

Group value – medium. C20 landmark hilltop church.

Phasing:

(Phase 1 – Nave retains some 19th century core fabric?).

Phase 2 – Chancel, nave, west porch, vestry/boilerhouse, 1930-32.
DESCRIPTION

St David, Bangor Teifi, is a 3-celled church, of small size. It was originally built in 1812 on the same site, but possibly not in the same location as the medieval church, and retaining nothing from the earlier fabric. This church was substantially rebuilt in 1855, and then entirely rebuilt in 1930-32.

The present church consists of a 2-bayed chancel, a 3-bayed nave, a west porch, and a single-bayed vestry over a boilerhouse north of the chancel west bay. Construction is in snecked Ffostrasol sandstone throughout (Clive-Powell, 1993, 1). Pointing is from 1932; plastered within. Openings are from 1930-32 and neo-gothic, with yellow oolite dressings; the windows are mainly plain single and double lancets but the east window has 3 lights with Geometric tracery. The vestry lies over a below-ground boilerhouse reached by an external flight of steps along its east wall, and carries a plain square chimney, 1930-32. The west end carries a small, square bell-turret on an internal buttress and has a string-course, 4 single-light openings and a low, stone spire, all 1930-32. The roofs are slated gables. Floors are suspended in the nave and vestry.

The medieval church may have occupied a different location within the yard to that of the present structure. An extensive area of amorphous surface irregularities lies immediately south of the church, within an area without burials, and may represent an earlier church location.

A church was erected on the present site in 1812 (NLW, SD/F/30) and is depicted as a simple chance and nave on the tithe map of 1841 (NLW, Bangor Teifi, 1841). This building was apparently substantially rebuilt in 1855 (Clive-Powell, 1993, 1).

The 1812/1855 church was demolished in 1930, with the possible exception of its west wall, and a new one erected in its place to the designs of the architect D. Davies (NLW, SD/F/30). The new building apparently followed the plan of its predecessor but was given a west porch and vestry. Work was complete by 1932; there has been no major subsequent alteration.

The fine, Transitional font has an octagonal bowl with fluted mouldings alternating with dog-tooth ornament, an octagonal stem and a square base, all from c.1200 (Anon., 1913, 15).

There is possible physical evidence for the earlier church in the form of earthworks immediately south of the church. Neither an external cutting nor drain is present. The boilerhouse floor is below-ground, with an external stairwell. Floors are suspended over heating ducts in the nave and vestry. No external memorials lie significantly close to the church.

The church was not listed in 1998. Not listed 2021.

SITE HISTORY

 There is no firm evidence for the pre-conquest religious use of the site.

St David, Bangor Teifi, was a parish church during the post-conquest period (Rees, 1932), of the medieval Deanery of Sub-Aeron. It appears to have been a possession of the Bishops of St Davids from an early date.

In 1833 the living was a discharged rectory with that of Henllan annexed, in the patronage of the Bishop, rated in the king’s books at £5 6s 8d and endowed with £200 royal bounty (Lewis, 1833).

In 1998 St David, Bangor Teifi, was a parish church. The living was a rectory, held with Henllan, Llanfair Orllwyn and Llangynllo (Benefice 693) in the Archdeaconry of Cardigan, Rural Deanery of Emlyn (St Davids, 1997-8).

There is the suggestion that the original dedication may not have been to St David (Various, 1994, 390)

SOURCES CONSULTED

 Map Evidence

Blaeu, J., 1648, Map of Cardiganshire.

NLW, Ordnance Survey 1:2500, First Edition, Sheet XLVI.1

NLW, Parish of Bangor Teifi, Tithe Map, 1841.

Rees, W., 1932, South Wales and the Border in the XIVth century.

 Church in Wales Records

Clive-Powell, R., 1993, Quinquennial Report, Bangor Teifi.

St Davids, 1997-8, Diocesan Year Book.

NLW, SD/F/30, Faculty – Rebuilding church, 1930.

Printed Accounts

Anon., 1913, ‘Cardiganshire Fonts’, Transactions of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society Vol. I.

Evans, G. E., 1906, ‘Cardiganshire: Its Plate, Records and Registers’, Archaeol. Cambrensis Vol. VI, Sixth Series.

Lewis, S., 1833, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales.

Salter, M., 1994, The Old Parish Churches of South West Wales.

Various, 1994, ‘The Church in Ceredigion in the Early Middle Ages’, in Davies, J. L., and Kirby, D. P. (eds.), Cardiganshire County History Vol. I.

Up dated – September 2021 – PKR