St David, Blaenpennal, Ceredigion

ST DAVID, BLAENPENNAL, CEREDIGION

Dyfed PRN 5162

 RB No. 3617

 NGR SN 6248 6397

 Not listed (1998). (2021)

 SUMMARY

19th century church; 0% pre-19th century core fabric. On general site of, but not in same location as, medieval church.

A 2-cell church, small. Consists of chancel, 2 bays; nave, 3 bays; south porch; vestry (north, transeptal), 1 bay; all late 19th century. Construction is in coursed local rubble. Slate gable roofs. All openings are from the late 19th century, neo-gothic, with yellow oolite dressings; western single bellcote, late 19th century.

Roofs, floors and finishes: late 19th century.

Condition – good.

Archaeological potential – good. Shallow external drain around 100% of church; slight external earthwork around 50% of church, constructional?; suspended floors over heating ducts in 70% of church.

Structural value (pre 19th century) – poor. 0% pre-19th century core fabric.

Group value – low.

Phasing:

All late 19th century.

 DESCRIPTION

St David, Blaenpennal, is a 3-celled church, of small size. It was new built in the late 19th century, c.200m to the west of its predecessor (PRN 5225). Nothing was retained from the earlier fabric

The present church consists of a 2-bayed chancel, a 3-bayed nave, a south porch and a single-bayed transeptal vestry north of the chancel. Construction is in local, roughly coursed rubble. All dressings are in yellow oolite and late 19th century; the openings are neo-gothic, the lights all being simple lancets, normally single but with double-lancet east and west windows. There is limited external buttressing. There is a gabled single bellcote at the west end. The roofs are slated gables throughout. The floors are suspended except in the porch.

The earlier church is shown on the tithe map of 1842 (NLW, Blaenpennal township, Tithe Map, 1842). The church lay within a churchyard that was considerably smaller than at present, comprising only the south-eastern quarter of the present yard, which may have formed an outer enclosure. The church itself lay c.200m east of the present building, in a sloping area of the churchyard which is densely occupied by memorials but very overgrown in 1996; no physical evidence for the earlier church was apparent.

The present church was built in the late 19th century within the former ?outer enclosure of the yard, c.200m west of the old church. It appears to be more-or-less unaltered.

There is a shallow, concrete external drain all around the church. A slight external, oval earthwork lies along the north and east walls, constructional?. The floors are suspended over heating ducts. No external memorials lie significantly close to the church.

The church was not listed in 1998.

SITE HISTORY

 There is no firm evidence for any pre-conquest religious use of the site.

St David, Blaenpennal, was not a parish church during the medieval period but a chapelry of Llanddewi Brefi parish (Rees, 1932), of the medieval Deanery of Sub-Aeron. Blaenpennal was an episcopal grange of St Davids.

Still a chapelry in 1833, the living was a perpetual curacy in the patronage of the Perpetual Curate of Llanddewi Brefi (Lewis, 1833), endowed with £800 royal bounty and £200 parliamentary grant. Burial rights had been acquired by the earlier 19th century.

In 1998 St David, Blaenpennal, was a parish church. The living was a vicarage, held with Llangeitho, Gartheli and Betws Leucu (Benefice no. 697) in the Archdeaconry of Cardigan, Rural Deanery of Lampeter and Ultra-Aeron (St Davids, 1997-8).

The dedication to St David may result from its subordination to Llanddewi Brefi and St Davids rather than suggesting a pre-conquest origin.

 SOURCES CONSULTED

 Map Evidence

Blaeu, J., 1648, Map of Cardiganshire.

NLW, Blaenpennal township (Llanddewi Brefi parish) , Tithe Map, 1842.

Rees, W., 1932, South Wales and the Border in the XIVth century.

Church in Wales Records

St Davids, 1997-8, Diocesan Year Book.

NLW, SD/F/37, Faculty – Removal of cottage, 1905.

Printed Accounts

Anon., 1878,  ‘Lampeter Meeting’, Archaeol. Cambrensis Vol. IX, Fourth Series.

Evans, G. E., 1906, ‘Cardiganshire: Its Plate, Records and Registers’, Archaeol. Cambrensis Vol. VI, Sixth Series.

Lewis, S., 1833, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales.

Salter, M., 1994, The Old Parish Churches of South West Wales.

Up dated; September 2021 – PKR